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韦森  

复旦大学经济学院副院长

韦森,原名李维森,汉族,山东人,教授,博士生导师,现任复旦大学经济学院副院长。澳大利亚国立大学硕士,1995悉尼大学经济学博士。2000年至2001年曾为剑桥大学经济与政治学院正式访问教授。主要研究领域为制度经济学和比较制度分析,对哲学、伦理学、法学、政治学、人类学、语言学、社会学以及宗教神学等学科也有着广泛的研究兴趣。学术专著主要有:《社会制序的经济分析导论》、《经济学与伦理学:探寻市场经济的伦理维度与道德基础》、《经济学与哲学:制度分析的哲学基础》、《制度经济学三人谈》等。

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深切悼念伟大的经济史学家安格斯·麦迪森  

2010-05-12 21:37:17|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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深切悼念伟大的经济史学家安格斯·麦迪森

韦森

       

     刚从中国经济学教育科研网曹毅编辑的一封邮件中惊悉,当今世界一位伟大的经济史学家,我的一位多年老朋友和极其尊重的长者安格斯·麦迪森(Angus Maddison)教授于2010年424日在巴黎的一家医院中仙逝。获知这个消息,心情极为难受和沉重。20049月底和10月初,我曾邀请麦迪森教授来复旦讲学。在我的"比较经济学"的课上,麦迪森教授曾连续替我讲了三天的课。最后,我送到浦东机场送教授回巴黎,我们相拥而别的情景,至今仍然历历在目。近两年,我常常想去巴黎再拜访麦迪森教授,也多次让教授的大弟子 Bart van Ark 带去问候,但每次到欧洲,甚至到了巴黎,都因旅途日程匆匆忙,均未能有机会再登门拜访麦迪森先生。没想到先生近日作古,心中不胜悼恸和怀念。这里肃撰此寥寥数语,以铭对这位当今世界一位伟大的经济史学家和老朋友的深切哀思和悼念。麦迪森教授的20余部著作——尤其是已经翻译为中文的三本不朽的名著《世界经济千年史》、《世界经济千年统计》和《中国经济的长期表现:公元9602030》(尽管这三本著作在史学界不无争议和批评),无疑将与人类社会共存,且已成为世界经济史学界任何学者治史所绕不过的文献。麦迪森教授,在圣恩中安息吧!

                                   

韦森于2010-5-12晚专肃于沪上

 

Angus Maddison

 

Angus Maddison, Economic Historian, Dies at 83

By CATHERINE RAMPELL

Published: April 30, 2010

 

Some people try to forecast the future. Angus Maddison devoted his life to forecasting the past.  

 

Professor Maddison, a British-born economic historian with a compulsion for quantification, spent many of his 83 years calculating the size of economies over the last three millenniums. In one study he estimated the size of the world economy in A.D. 1 as about one five-hundredth of what it was in 2008.

 

He died on April 24 at a hospital in Paris after a long illness, his daughter, Elizabeth Maddison, said. He lived near Compiègne, about 50 miles northeast of Paris.

 

Professor Maddison held various senior posts at what is now the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, an international research and consulting organization based in Paris. Most recently he was a professor at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands.

He also spent much of his career studying economic conditions in the developing world firsthand, living for extended periods in Pakistan, Ghana, Brazil, Mongolia and Guinea, among other nations. As an adviser, he helped emerging market governments determine how to measure their economic progress and improve policies.

 

In his research, he tried to reconstruct thousands of years’ worth of economic data, most notably in his 2007 book “Contours of the World Economy 1-2030 A.D..” He argued that per capita income around the globe had remained largely stagnant from about 1000 to 1820, after which the world became exponentially richer and life expectancies surged.

 

In another influential book, “Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run,” in 1998, he tracked the history of Chinese growth since 960. The book demonstrated that China’s recent rise was merely a return to economic superpowerdom, as the Middle Kingdom had already dominated the world economy for many centuries.

 

In his archaeological excavation of the economies of other eras, he was “trying to explain why some countries achieved faster growth or higher income levels than others,” he wrote in an autobiographical essay, “Confessions of a Chiffrephile” published in 1994. He wanted to know what some countries did right and what others did wrong, and to figure out how growth influenced culture, and was influenced by it.

 

Professor Maddison often referred to himself as a “chiffrephile,” or lover of numbers, a term he invented to characterize economists and economic historians like himself who were prone to quantifying the world.

 

While macroeconomic research in the last few decades was dominated by elegant mathematical models and technical wizardry, his focus on meat-and-potatoes data and cross-country historical comparisons has come back into vogue in recent years, especially in the wake of the financial crisis.

 

Social class and inequality figured greatly in his research and personal memoirs, perhaps reflecting his early childhood in economically depressed Newcastle-upon-Tyne, a shipbuilding and mining town in northeastern England, where he was born on Dec. 6, 1926.

 

His parents both left school at age 12. His father, a railway fitter, and his mother invested in their only child’s intellectual development, taking him to scholarly lectures sponsored by the local cooperative movement. One lecture introduced him to the work of the British economist John Maynard Keynes.

 

Professor Maddison’s first collegiate pursuit was history, but he was drawn to economics because he realized it was a “useful discipline for solving serious problems,” he wrote in his autobiography.

 

He enrolled in Cambridge in 1945, on a scholarship supplemented by a part-time job lecturing to German prisoners of war. He later attended graduate school at McGill University in Montreal and the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, then decided to return to Britain.

 

In subsequent years he lectured at universities, including the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, and worked with the what is now the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. He retired from the University of Groningen in 1996, but he was still pursuing his research until three weeks before he died, his daughter, Elizabeth, said.

 

Besides his daughter, Professor Maddison is survived by his wife, Penelope; two sons, George and Charles, who is also an economist; and five grandchildren.


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